Deputy Secretary, CBSE, Skill Education
Indian School Education system is characterised by multiplicity of players. Education as such is in the concurrent list of the Constitution leading to a situation where both the State and the federal governments can legislate, however the federal laws are supreme in case of a conflict. At the national level, there are government as well as private players. The KVS, NVS, CTSA, Army Schools, Tribal schools are major players in the government sector at the national level. (mhrd.gov.in). In private sector, at national level, there are major chains of schools, like DPS, Amity, Ryan, Millennium, Sriram, Mount Litera, Appejay, DAV, Saraswati Shishu Mandir, Vidya Bharti, Bhartiya Vidya Bhawan, Poddar. These are in addition to independent societies running one/ more (small number) of schools. These are recognised by the respective state governments and are affiliated to national level boards like, CBSE or CISCE. Majority of the schools are affiliated to the CBSE. There are also few, (though the number is continuously increasing), schools affiliated to the international boards like IB, GCSE, etc. (cbse.gov.in, mhrd.gov.in). At the State level, all state government schools, except those of Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar islands, Chandigarh, and Delhi, are affiliated to the respective state governments. (cbse.gov.in). The states also have state affiliated private aided and unaided schools. In private aided schools, a large portion of operating expenditure ( esp salaries) is given as a grant in aid by the state governments. In the largest national level board of CBSE, majority of the schools are private.
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